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【power-english】Learning Mandarin  

2015-04-10 17:27:25|  分类: 国际文教 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自nicolewang1204《Learning Mandarin》
 

It's no secret that Mandarin is a difficult language to pick up and if you’re expecting to become fluent in just a few months, unless you’re a genius, think again.  What makes the Chinese language so difficult for native English speakers is just how different the sounds are from the English phonics.  Not only that, Chinese is a tonal language an aspect not at all used in the English language. Unlike the inflections used in the English language that can slightly change the meaning of a word, a change of tone can change the word entirely. 

 

Mandarin has four main tones, that means that each syllable can be pronounced four different ways each time changing the word and the meaning.  It is important to pronounce the tone correctly to really get your meaning across.  But don't get hung up on the tones, the Chinese understand that westerner’s have difficulty with tones, when you get one wrong they will probably just laugh it off then correct you. 

 

Mandarin is not an easy language to learn, some will just pick it up by ear, others will have to study it carefully. One thing’s for sure if you make Chinese friends you will have a much easier time picking up the basics. 

 

Don't forget to mime!

The Chinese are skilled in the art of mime and getting skilled yourself is going to help you immensely getting around from day to day. While it can take some time to make even just a small thing clear through mime, eventually you should be able to establish the basic facts.

 

Don't forget the phrasebook!

A phrasebook is invaluable living and travelling in China.  English is not as widely spoken as we are led to believe in the west and menu’s are scarcely ever in English.  The Lonely Planet Phrasebook is an invaluable resource with vital vocabulary and grammar across a whole range of areas from greetings to food and health.  The phrasebook has everything in English, Pinyin so you can practice pronouncing in Chinese and in Chinese characters for when you’re really stuck with pronunciation and pointing is your only option.  Having a phrasebook will get you out of many sticky situations and on your way to buying a ticket, making new friends and eating a very nice meal even with an entirely Chinese menu!

 

If you want a more in depth look into the language there are some great Internet resources and text books out there to help you get a grasp on the language.

 

Teach Yourself Mandarin

Teach Yourself Mandarin is an excellent textbook and audio series that will help you get a good grasp on conversational Chinese.  It goes beyond just teaching vocabulary and basic sentences, it teaches you how to use sentences in conversation through a series of role plays.  At the end of each chapter is a test to check your knowledge.  For those learners who need to read and study the language to pick it up this is an excellent option.

www.teachyourself.com

 

Chinese Tools

Chinese Tools is a great website for picking up the basics of Chinese.  There are a huge range of online lessons including audio as well as a Chinese dictionary and thesaurus, phrasebook, Slang terminology, and a section on learning to write Chinese characters.  Best of all it's free!

www.chinese-tools.com

 

Foreign Food:

 

Butter: 黄油 huáng yóu

Cheese: 芝士  zhi Shi

Olive oil : 橄榄油  g?n l?n yóu

 

CONVERSATION BASICS

Hello                                           你好                                     Nǐ hǎo

Goodbye                                    再见                                     Zài jiàn

Yes                                              去                                     Qù

No                                                不是                                     Bú  shì

Thank you                                   谢谢                                     Xiè  xie

You’re welcome             不客气                       Bú  kè  qi

Excuse me,...                             请问,...                       Qǐng wèn, ...

I’m sorry                                    对不起                       Duì bù qǐ

Do you speak English?    你会说英语吗?    Nǐ huì shuō yīng yǔ ma?

I don’t understand                    我听不懂                             Wǒ tīng bu dǒng

 

ASKING DIRECTIONS

Where is...?                                ...在哪儿?                  ... zài  nǎr?

Go straight ahead                    一直走                       Yì zhí zǒu

Turn left                                                左转                   Zuǒ zhuǎn

Turn right                                    右转                                     Yòu zhuǎn

 

SHOPPING

I’d like to buy ...                          我想买...                    Wǒ xiǎng mǎi ...

How much is it?                        多少钱?                              Duō shǎo qián?

Can I see it?                               能看看吗?                 Néng kàn kan ma?

I’m just looking                         我只是看看               Wǒ zhǐ shì kàn kan

It’s cheap                                    这不贵                       Zhè bu guì

It’s too expensive                     太贵了                       Tài guì le

I’ll take it                                     我就买这个               Wǒ jiù mǎi zhè ge

 

TRANSPORT

boat                                             船                               chuán

local/city bus                            共汽车                       gōng gòng qì chē

plane                                            飞机                                     fēi jī

train                                             火车                                     huǒ chē

I want to go to ...              我要去...                              Wǒ yào qù ...

platform number             站台号                       zhàn tái hào

ticket office                               售票处                       shòu piào chù

timetable                                   时刻表                       shí kè biǎo

train station                               火车站                       huǒ chē  zhàn

 

PLACES

bank                                                      银行                  yín háng   

city centre                                 市中心                       shì zhōng xīn

embassy                                    大使馆                       dà shǐ guǎn

market                                                 市场                  shì chǎng

museum                                    博物馆                       bó wù guǎn   

post office                                 邮局                                      yóu jú

public toilet                               公共厕所                             gōng gòng cè suǒ

tourist office                             旅游局                       lǚ yóu jú

 

EMERGANCY

Help!                                            救命啊!                      Jiù mìng a!

I’m lost                                        我迷路了                             Wǒ mí lù le

Go away!                                    走开!                                    Zǒu kāi! 

Call ...!                                        请叫...!                       Qǐng jiào ..

  a doctor                              医生                        yī shēng

  the police                             警察                        jǐng chá


The language is tonal, and fluency requires mastering thousands of characters.
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